Personality

It can be defined as the dynamic organization with in an individual of those psychological systems that determine his unique adjustments to his environment.

What is Personality

Determinants of Personality

There are 3 determinants of personality. They are:

1. Heredity

2. Environment

3. Situation

Heredity

These refer to those factors that are determined at birth. Physical stature, facial attractiveness, gender, temperament, muscle composition, energy level, etc are characters that are influenced by heredity. According to heredity theory, the personality of an individual depends on the molecular structure of the genes located in the chromosome. Traits such as shyness, fear, distress, are caused by genetic characteristics.

Environment

Environment includes the culture in which we are raised, our early conditioning, rules among our family, friends and social group. These factors play an important rule in sharing our personality.

Culture establishes rules, attitudes and values that are passed from one generation to the next. A belief held in one culture may not be supported in other culture.

Situation

An individual's personality although static and consistent, changes in different situations. Different situations impose constraints to behavior.

Example: A temple or an employment interview offers a lot of restrictions. A picnic or a public park offers little or no restrictions.


    


Personality Traits

These are characteristics that determine an individual's behavior. The traits are grouped into 16 sets called as primary traits. The primary traits are as follows:

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1. Reserved vs. Outgoing.

2. Less intelligent vs. More intelligent.

3. Affected by feelings vs. emotionally stable.

4. Submissive vs. Dominant.

5. Serious vs. happy go lucky.

6. Expedient vs. consdentious.

7. Timid vs. venturesome.

8. Tough minded vs. sensitive.

9. Trusting vs. suspicious.

10. Practical vs. imagination.

11. Forthright vs. strand.

12. Self assured vs. apprehensive.

13. Conservative vs. experimenting.

14. Group-dependent vs. self-sufficient.

15. Uncontrolled vs. controlled.

16. Relaxed vs. tense.






Next Chapters

Organizational Culture
Value System
Ability
Attitude
Learning
Perception
Personality
Reinforcement
Job Satisfaction
Communication
Leadership
 

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