Prefixes and Suffixes

Prefixes or Suffixes are added to words in forming new words. A Prefix is added to the beginning of a word whereas a Suffix is added to the end of a word. Though there exists a large number of Prefixes and Suffixes in English language, we have selected only those which are most frequently used in our current usage.

English Prefixes

A - On, in; abreast, aboard, ashore, ajar, asleep

A - Out, from; arise, awake, alight

For - thoroughly; forgive, forget

Fore - before; forecast, forego, foretell

In - in; income, inland, indebted

Mis - wrong, wrongly; misconception, misguide, mislead

Over - above, beyond; overcome, overflow, overcharge

To - this; today, tonight, tomorrow

Un - not; untrue, unkind, undisturbed

Un - to reserve an action; untie, undo, unwind, unfold

Under - beneath, below; undergo, underground, undercharge

With - against, back; withdraw, withhold, withstand

Latin Prefixes

Ab (a, abs), from, away; abuse, averse, abstract.

Ad (ac, af, aq, al, an, ap, ar, as, at, a) to; adjoin, accord, affect, aggrieve, allege, announce, appoint, arrest, assign, attach, avail.

Ambi (amb, am), a both sides, around; ambiguous, ambition, amputate.

Ante (anti, an), before; anticipate, antedate, ancestor.

Bene, well; benefit, benefactor.

Bis (bi, bin) twice, two; biscuit, bisect, binocular.

Circum (circu), around; circumference, circuit.

Con (col, com, cor) with, together; contend, collect, combine, correct.

Contra (counter), against; contradict, counteract.

De, down; descend, depose, dethrone.

Dis (dif, di) apart; disjoin, differ, divide.

Demi, half; demlgod.

Ex (ef, e), out of; extract, effect.

Extra, beyond, outside of; extraordinary, extravagant.

In (il, im, ir, en, em), in, into; invade, illustrate, immerse, irrigate, enact, embrace.

In (il, im, ir), not; insecure, illegal, imprudent, irregular.

Inter (intro, enter), among, within, intervene, introduce, entertain.

Mala (mal), ill, badly; malevolent, malcontent.

Non, not; nonsense.

Ob (oc, of), in the way of, against, object, occupy, offend.

Pen, almost; penultimate, peninsula.

Per, through; pervade.

Past, after; postpone, postdate, postscript.

Pre, before, prefix, prevent.

Pro (por, pur), for; pronoun, portray, pursue.

Re, back, again; reclaim, refund, renew, return.

Retro, backward; retrospect, retrograde.

Se (sed), apart, separate, seduce, sedition.

Semi, half; semicircle, semifinal, semicolon.

Sub (sue, suf, sug, sum, sup, sur, sus), under, subdue, succeed, suffer, suggest, summon, support, surmount, sustain.

Super, above; superfine, superfluous, superstructure.

Trans (tra, tres), across; transmit, traverse, trespass.

Vice, in the place of, vice-principle, vice-president.


    


Greek Prefixes

A (an), without, not; atheist, apathy, anarchy.

Amphl, around, on both sides; amphitheater.

Ana, up, back; anachronism, analysis.

Anti (ant), against; antipathy, antagonist.

Apo (ap), from; apology.

Arch (archi); chief; archbishop, architect.

Auto, self; autocrat, autobiography, autograph.

Cata, down; catastrophe, catalogue.

Di, twice; dilemma.

Dia, through; diagonal, diameter.

Dys, badly; dyspepsia, dysentery.

En (em) in; encyclopedia, emblem.

Epl, upon; epilogue, epitaph.

Eu, well, eulogy.

Ex (ec), out of; exodus, eccentric.

Hemi, half; hemisphere.

Homo, like; homogeneous.

Hyper, over, beyond; hyperbola, hypersensitive.

Meta, implying change; metaphor, metamorphosis.

Mono, alone, single; monologue, monopoly.

Pan, all; panorama, pantheism.

Para, beside, by the side of; parallel, paradox, parasite.

Peri, round; period, perimeter.

Philo (phil), love; philosophy, philanthropy.

Pro, before, prophecy, programme.

Syn (sym, syb, sy) with, together, synonym, sympathy, syllable, system.

English Suffixes

Of Nouns

(a) It denotes an agent or doer.

-er (- ar, - ou, - yer), "painter, beggar, sailor, lawyer".

-ness; darkness, boldness, sweetness.

-red; kindred, hatred.

-ship; hardship, friendship, lordship.

-th; health, growth.

(c) It forms diminutives.

-el (-le); satchel, girdle, handle.

-en; maiden, chicken, kitten.

-kin; napkin.

-let; leaflet, booklet.

-ling; deciding, darling, weakling.

Of Adjectives

-ed, having, gifted, talented, learned, wretched.

-en, made of, wooden, golden, woolen, earthen.

-ful, ful of, hopeful, fruitful, joyful.

-ish, somewhat like; boorish, reddish, childish.

-less, free from, without; fearless, shameless, hopeless.

-ly, like, manly, lively, saintly.

-some, with the quality of, handsome, wholesome, quarrelsome.

-ward, inclining to; forward, wayward.

-y, with the quality of; wealthy, healthy, greedy, thirsty, dirty, needy.




Grammer Topics

Sentence Formation
Noun and Verb
Simple Sentence, Clause & Phrase
Objective Complement
Intransitive Verb
Noun and Pronoun
Adjective
Adverb
Infinitives
Particles
Gerund
Preposition
Phrase
Clause
Types of Sentences
Finite Verb
Prefixes and Suffixes
Tense
Punctuation
Semi Colon
Apostrophe
Reported Speech
 
 


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