Prefixes or Suffixes are added to words in forming new words. A Prefix is added to the beginning of a word whereas a Suffix is added to the end of a word. Though there exists a large number of Prefixes and Suffixes in English language, we have selected only those which are most frequently used in our current usage.
A - On, in; abreast, aboard, ashore, ajar, asleep
A - Out, from; arise, awake, alight
For - thoroughly; forgive, forget
Fore - before; forecast, forego, foretell
In - in; income, inland, indebted
Mis - wrong, wrongly; misconception, misguide, mislead
Over - above, beyond; overcome, overflow, overcharge
To - this; today, tonight, tomorrow
Un - not; untrue, unkind, undisturbed
Un - to reserve an action; untie, undo, unwind, unfold
Under - beneath, below; undergo, underground, undercharge
With - against, back; withdraw, withhold, withstand
Ab (a, abs), from, away; abuse, averse, abstract.
Ad (ac, af, aq, al, an, ap, ar, as, at, a) to; adjoin, accord, affect, aggrieve, allege, announce, appoint, arrest, assign, attach, avail.
Ambi (amb, am), a both sides, around; ambiguous, ambition, amputate.
Ante (anti, an), before; anticipate, antedate, ancestor.
Bene, well; benefit, benefactor.
Bis (bi, bin) twice, two; biscuit, bisect, binocular.
Circum (circu), around; circumference, circuit.
Con (col, com, cor) with, together; contend, collect, combine, correct.
Contra (counter), against; contradict, counteract.
De, down; descend, depose, dethrone.
Dis (dif, di) apart; disjoin, differ, divide.
Demi, half; demlgod.
Ex (ef, e), out of; extract, effect.
Extra, beyond, outside of; extraordinary, extravagant.
In (il, im, ir, en, em), in, into; invade, illustrate, immerse, irrigate, enact, embrace.
In (il, im, ir), not; insecure, illegal, imprudent, irregular.
Inter (intro, enter), among, within, intervene, introduce, entertain.
Mala (mal), ill, badly; malevolent, malcontent.
Non, not; nonsense.
Ob (oc, of), in the way of, against, object, occupy, offend.
Pen, almost; penultimate, peninsula.
Per, through; pervade.
Past, after; postpone, postdate, postscript.
Pre, before, prefix, prevent.
Pro (por, pur), for; pronoun, portray, pursue.
Re, back, again; reclaim, refund, renew, return.
Retro, backward; retrospect, retrograde.
Se (sed), apart, separate, seduce, sedition.
Semi, half; semicircle, semifinal, semicolon.
Sub (sue, suf, sug, sum, sup, sur, sus), under, subdue, succeed, suffer, suggest, summon, support, surmount, sustain.
Super, above; superfine, superfluous, superstructure.
Trans (tra, tres), across; transmit, traverse, trespass.
Vice, in the place of, vice-principle, vice-president.
A (an), without, not; atheist, apathy, anarchy.
Amphl, around, on both sides; amphitheater.
Ana, up, back; anachronism, analysis.
Anti (ant), against; antipathy, antagonist.
Apo (ap), from; apology.
Arch (archi); chief; archbishop, architect.
Auto, self; autocrat, autobiography, autograph.
Cata, down; catastrophe, catalogue.
Di, twice; dilemma.
Dia, through; diagonal, diameter.
Dys, badly; dyspepsia, dysentery.
En (em) in; encyclopedia, emblem.
Epl, upon; epilogue, epitaph.
Eu, well, eulogy.
Ex (ec), out of; exodus, eccentric.
Hemi, half; hemisphere.
Homo, like; homogeneous.
Hyper, over, beyond; hyperbola, hypersensitive.
Meta, implying change; metaphor, metamorphosis.
Mono, alone, single; monologue, monopoly.
Pan, all; panorama, pantheism.
Para, beside, by the side of; parallel, paradox, parasite.
Peri, round; period, perimeter.
Philo (phil), love; philosophy, philanthropy.
Pro, before, prophecy, programme.
Syn (sym, syb, sy) with, together, synonym, sympathy, syllable, system.
(a) It denotes an agent or doer.
-er (- ar, - ou, - yer), "painter, beggar, sailor, lawyer".
-ness; darkness, boldness, sweetness.
-red; kindred, hatred.
-ship; hardship, friendship, lordship.
-th; health, growth.
(c) It forms diminutives.
-el (-le); satchel, girdle, handle.
-en; maiden, chicken, kitten.
-let; leaflet, booklet.
-ling; deciding, darling, weakling.
-ed, having, gifted, talented, learned, wretched.
-en, made of, wooden, golden, woolen, earthen.
-ful, ful of, hopeful, fruitful, joyful.
-ish, somewhat like; boorish, reddish, childish.
-less, free from, without; fearless, shameless, hopeless.
-ly, like, manly, lively, saintly.
-some, with the quality of, handsome, wholesome, quarrelsome.
-ward, inclining to; forward, wayward.
-y, with the quality of; wealthy, healthy, greedy, thirsty, dirty, needy.
|Sentence Formation||Simple Sentence, Clause & Phrase|
|Objective Complement||Noun and Pronoun|
|Phrase||Types of Sentences|
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