The semi-colon ";" is used when a greater pause is required than that shown by the comma.

Semicolon Sign

(i) It is used to separate constituent parts of a compound sentence from one another.

As Caesar loved me, I weep for him; as he was fortunate, I rejoice at it; as he was valiant, I honor him; but as he was ambitious, I slew him.

(ii) It is used to separate a series of loosely connected clauses.

Reading maketh a full man; speaking a ready man; writing an exact man.


The colon ":" may be used at the writers own discretion. If he thinks that the pause is not sufficiently marked by a semi-colon, the colon is used.

Colon Punctuation

(i) It may introduce an additional remark in explanation or in confirmation of an earlier statement:

Always take good care of your health:

There is no happiness in life without it.

(ii) It may be used to introduce a quotation. It is often followed by a dash: Shakespeare wrote: "Frailty thy name is woman".

(iii) It may be used to introduce a series of clause.

We must know the various uses of glass: we make mirrors; it is used for making lenses; it is used in windows to protect us against wind and dust.


Note of Interrogation

A Note of interrogation "?" is used after sentences which ask a question. It serves at the end of the sentence and thereby the sentences that follow must begin with a capital.

Interrogation Sign

What did he do? We want to know that.

Note of Exclamation

A Note of Exclamation "!" is used after word/words or sentences which express emotion:

Exclamation Sign

Nonsense! I don't believe it.

Oh my God! He failed again.

What a great man he was!

Grammer Topics

Sentence Formation
Noun and Verb
Simple Sentence, Clause & Phrase
Objective Complement
Intransitive Verb
Noun and Pronoun
Types of Sentences
Finite Verb
Prefixes and Suffixes
Semi Colon
Reported Speech

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