Any language is used for the purpose of describing things or persons, communicating or exchanging out ideas, feeling, emotions etc. a language is used either in the spoken or in the written form and they are convertible to each other, that is, the written form can be changed in to the spoken form and vice versa. For the correct use of the English language we cannot use anything less than a sentence in our speech or writing. However, in conversation or dialogue sometimes a mere word is used to convey the entire sense of a sentence, but such a word, in essence, is nothing but a reduced form of a sentence. For instance, let us consider the following dialogue:
John: What are you carrying in your bag?
Here, the word "Apples" conveys the sense of the sentence - "I am carrying apples in my bag", and the word is a reduced form of the sentence.
A sentence, thus, is the smallest complete unit of the language.
Now, in every sentence, two conditions must be fulfilled.
1. In every sentence, we must speak or write about someone or something, which is called Subject.
2. In every sentence, we must also speak or write something about the subject, which is called the Predicate.
It therefore, becomes quite clear that, if we are to form a sentence, at least two words are needed, one of the Subject and the other for the Predicate. It, then, can be said that a sentence is formed by a group of words.
From the above, let us now describe a sentence:
A sentence is a group of words, forming the smallest complete unit of the language, having a subject and a Predicate.
A sentence is formed by a group of words, but once words are used in a sentence, they are no longer called words - they are, then called Parts of Speech.
In grammar, "Speech" means "Sentence" and so "Parts of Speech" means "Parts of a Sentence".
According to their function in a sentence, words used in the sentence or Parts of Speech are classified in to eight and are known as Noun, pronoun, verb, Adjective, Adverb, Preposition, Conjunction and Interjection. At times a group of words collectively functions in a sentence like a Noun, Verb, Adjective and Adverb.
|Sentence Formation||Simple Sentence, Clause & Phrase|
|Objective Complement||Noun and Pronoun|
|Phrase||Types of Sentences|
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