Types of Sentences


Sentences which state things, persons, incidents etc, are called Statements. A statement can be in the Affirmative or in the Negative form.

1. Affirmative Statements

The following sentences are Affirmative Statements:

(i) Mr. Rajiv Gandhi is the Prime Minister of India.
(ii) Sanjiv has achieved success after great efforts.
(iii) We should love our neighbors'.

2. Negative Statements

The following sentences are Negative Statements:

(i) I do not know how solve this problem.
(ii) We should not encourage communalism in our country.
(iii) Vishal never neglects his studies.

Imperative Sentences

An imperative sentence expresses an order, a request, an instruction etc. All imperative sentences are used in the second person, which is not clearly stated in the sentence and remains understood. An imperative sentence can also be in the Affirmative or in the Negative form.

1. Imperative Sentences in the Affirmative Form

The following imperative sentences are in the Affirmative form:

(i) Run: (instruction)
(ii) Fire: (order)
(iii) Please give me a glass of water: (request)
(iv) Forgive me for my rudeness: (apology)
(v) Kindly allow me to go out: (permission)
(vi) Take him to the hospital: (suggestion or advise)

2. Imperative Sentences in the Negative Form

The following imperative sentences are in the Negative form:

(i) Don't leave the classroom.(instruction)
(ii) Don't leave the office before 5'O clock. (order)
(iii) Please don't disturb me now. (request)
(iv) Don't take your food without brushing your teeth in the morning. (suggestion or advise)
(v) Don't be stupid. (comment)


Interrogative Sentence

Sentences which are used for asking questions are making enquiries are called Interrogative sentences. Interrogative sentences can be broadly classified into two types. One type of Interrogative sentences is used for drawing out information's and these sentences are introduced by Interrogative Pronouns or Interrogative Adjectives or Interrogative Adverbs. Whereas the other type of Interrogative sentences are meant to ask questions to elicit 'yes-no' answers.

1. Interrogative sentences with Interrogative Pronouns

The following Interrogative sentences have begun with Interrogative Pronouns:

(i) What is your name?
(ii) Who is making noise?
(iii) Which is your pen?
(iv) Whose book is this?
(v) Whom did you give money?

2. Interrogative Sentences with Interrogative Adjectives

The following Interrogative sentences have begun with Interrogative Adjectives:

(i) What food would you like to have?
(ii) Which book have you borrowed?
(iii) Whose bag is this?
(iv) What village is this?

3. Interrogative Sentences with Interrogative Adverb

The following Interrogative sentences have begun with Interrogative Adverb:

(i) Where is the book I gave you?
(ii) When will you come next?
(iii) How could you solve such a different problem?
(iv) Why are you so dippressed today?

4. Interrogative Sentences to ask questions to elicit 'yes-no'. the following questions elicit 'Yes-no' answers:

(i) Do you like to buy the book?
(ii) Are you a student of this school?
(iii) May I fire a shot with your gun?
(iv) Will you come to my place tomorrow?
(v) Are you not keeping well?

Exclamatory Sentences

Exclamatory sentences are used to express strong feelings like surprise, sadness, pity, admiration, condemnation etc.

(i) What a magnificent piece of architecture! (admiration)
(ii) What an unexpected visit from you! (surprise)
(iii) Alas! How her husband is suffering from cancer! (pity)
(iv) Fie on you! What dishonor you have brought to your family?

Fragmentary Sentences

Sometimes a part of the sentence is used to convey the sense of a complete sentence and thus such a part of the sentence should be treated as the sentence.

Let us study the following:

Q. What is your name?
Ans. Ravinder Jain.

Q. Where do you live?
Ans. In Greater Kailash.

Q. How do you go to school?
Ans. By the school bus.

Q. When do you leave our house to go to school?
Ans. At 7'O clock in the morning

Q. Who goes with you to the bus stand?
Ans. My mother.

Q. Do you like your school?
Ans. Yes

Also See: Compound Sentence

Grammer Topics

Sentence Formation
Noun and Verb
Simple Sentence, Clause & Phrase
Objective Complement
Intransitive Verb
Noun and Pronoun
Types of Sentences
Finite Verb
Prefixes and Suffixes
Semi Colon
Reported Speech

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