In every industry there are several other expenditures, such as cost of advertisement, building rent, depreciation charges of plant and factory building, cost of packing, cost of transportation, salaries and commission to salesmen etc. All these expenditures are known as expenses. So, we can say that except direct material and direct labor cost, all other expenses, which are incurred in the factory are known as expenses.
The cost of indirect material and indirect labor is also included in the expenses.
Expenses may be of 2 classes,
1. Direct or chargeable expenses
2. Indirect expenses
These are those expenses, which can be charged directly to a particular job and incurred for that specific job only. For example, cost of special jigs and fixtures, cost of some special patterns and cost of experimental work on a particular job etc.
These are also known as overhead charges, on cost, burden or indirect charges. These can be further classified as:
a. Factory expenses
b. Administrative expenses
c. Selling expenses
d. Distribution expenses
These overheads include all the expenditures made on the actual operation of the product in the plant, such as indirect materials and indirect labor. It is also named as works on cost.
These overheads include all the expenditure made on the salaries of general office staff and executive staff, telegraph, fax, computer and telephone charges, depreciation of office building and equipment etc.
This is also known as establishment on-cost or office expenses.
These overheads include all the expenditure made on the salaries of persons working in sales department, advertising expenses and agency expenses etc.
These overheads include all the expenses made on holding finished stock, dispatching them to the customer and packing cost etc.
These overheads include all the expenses made on holding finished stock, despatching them to the customer and packing cost etc.
|Estimating Procedure||Difference between Estimating & Costing|
|Depreciation & Obsolescence||Calculating Labor Cost|
|Direct and Indirect Expenses||Machine Shop Estimating|
|Forging and Forging Types||Welding Cost Estimation|
|Jigs and Fixtures||Qualities of an Entrepreneur|
|Starting Small Scale Industries||Supply & Law of Supply|
|Exchange and Barter Exchange||Money and Types of Money|
|Trade Cycle||Financial Management|
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