Primarily there are 3 types of Network Classes viz:
1. Class A
2. Class B
3. Class C
In case of Class A network, each consistent network will have a number of hosts with very few numbers of consistent networks.
In case of Class B network, there are moderate numbers of networks each with moderate number of hosts.
In case of Class C network, there are a large number of networks each having very less number of hosts.
As discussed earlier, an IP address is of 2 bit length and each IP address is divided into 2 parts viz:
1. Net ID and
2. Host ID
For a class-A IP address, as there is very less number of networks but each with more number of hostâ€™s one octet is used for netID and 3 octets are used for HostID.
For a class-B IP address, as there are moderate number of networks as well hosts, two octets are used each for net ID and host ID.
For a class-C IP address, as there are more number of networks each with less number of hosts net ID is of 3 octets length and host ID is of one octet length.
The syntax of class A, B, C IP address is shown below.
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