The atoms are the basic building blocks of any substances. An atom can join collectively to form particles, which successively form most of the things around us.

Atom is a fundamental piece of substance. (A matter is anything that can be adjoined physically in the nature) And everything in the world (except energy (vitality)) is made of matter and so everything in the world is made of atom particles.

The each building blocks of matter are called atoms (particles). Still you may be wondering what exactly an atom practically is. Presently let us look at what an atom is and a few examples of an atom.

The atoms are the basic unit of the elements. The atoms are the form of matter which may not be further analyzed using any chemical substance. An atom consists of electrons, neutrons and protons.


The Structure of an Atom

The atoms are made up of 3 tiny types of particles called 'subatomic particles': electrons, neutrons and protons. Neutrons and the protons make up the center of the atom known as 'the nucleus' and the electrons (negatrons) fly around above the nucleus in a small cloud form. Negatrons (electrons) carry a negative charge and the protons carry positive charges. And in a neutral (normal) atom the number of electrons and the number of protons are balanced. Frequently, just not all of the time; the number of neutrons is the equal, as well.

The Structure of an Atom

The atoms are composed by particles called neutrons, electrons and protons. The protons carry a positive electrical level; the electrons carry a negative electrical level and the neutrons carry no electrical charge at all it collects. Neutrons and protons bunch up together in the central part of the atoms known as the nucleus and the electrons "orbit" the nucleus particles. The particular atom will have the same number of electrons and protons and most atoms have at least as many neutrons as protons particles.

The neutrons and protons are both composed of other particles known as gluons and quarks. The protons contain 2 one 'down' quark and one 'up' quarks while neutrons contain one 'up' quark and two 'down' quarks molecules. Gluons are responsible for binding the quarks to each other.

Next Chapters

Conservation of Energy
Organism, Bacteria and Virus
Energy & its Types
The Volcanoes
Rock Cycle
Food Resources
Renewable Sources of Energy
Irrigation and Types of Irrigation
Population Growth
Non-renewable Sources of Energy
Ozone Depletion
Soil Erosion

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