There are 4 types of orbits, they are:
1. GEO (Geo-stationary earth orbit)
2. MEO (medium earth orbit)
3. LEO (Low earth orbit) and
4. HEO (Highly elliptical orbit)
These satellites have almost a distance of 36,000 km to the earth.
E.g. All radio and TV, whether satellite etc, are launched in this orbit.
1. It is possible to cover almost all parts of the earth with just 3 geo satellites.
2. Antennas need not be adjusted every now and then but can be fixed permanently.
3. The life-time of a GEO satellite is quite high usually around 15 years.
1. Larger antennas are required for northern/southern regions of the earth.
2. High buildings in a city limit the transmission quality.
3. High transmission power is required.
4. These satellites cannot be used for small mobile phones.
5. Fixing a satellite at Geo stationary orbit is very expensive.
Satellite at different orbits operates at different heights. The MEO satellite operates at about 5000 to 12000 km away from the earth's surface.
These orbits have moderate number of satellites.
1. Compared to LEO system, MEO requires only a dozen satellites.
2. Simple in design.
3. Requires very few handovers.
1. Satellites require higher transmission power.
2. Special antennas are required.
LEO satellites operate at a distance of about 500-1500 km.
1. The antennas can have low transmission power of about 1 watt.
2. The delay of packets is relatively low.
3. Useful for smaller foot prints.
1. If global coverage is required, it requires at least 50-200 satellites in this orbit.
2. Special handover mechanisms are required.
3. These satellites involve complex design.
4. Very short life: Time of 5-8 years. Assuming 48 satellites with a life-time of 8 years each, a new satellite is needed every 2 months.
5. Data packets should be routed from satellite to satellite.
This orbit is made for satellites that do not revolve in circular orbits, only a very few satellite are operating in this orbit.
Average acceleration is the object's change in speed for a specific given time period. ...
When an object falls into the ground due to planet's own gravitational force is known a...